September 30, 2022

Cardenio and Luscinda: True Lovers Bond

Cardenio and Luscinda’s Childhood Love: From their tenderest and earliest years, Cardenio loves Luscinda, and Luscinda loves Cardenio. As they grow up their love for one another increases with the “simple affection and easy eagerness of youth.” To express their adolescent attraction for one another, Cardenio writes Luscinda several love letters, in which he declares his feelings, Don Quixote – The Translator’s Skill while Luscinda responds to Cardenio’s burning desires with delicate and modest replies.

Cardenio and Luscinda - Don Quixote
Don Quixote Novel

Cardenio and Luscinda Are of Similar Rank: Luscinda is a maiden who is as noble and wealthy as Cardenio is.

Cardenio and Luscinda’s Parents Approve of Their Love for One Another: Luscinda and Cardenio’s parents know of their childhood love for one another and are not opposed to it, because they can see if their feelings continued that way they can only lead to marriage.

Cardenio’s Physical Contact With Luscinda: When courting Luscinda, “the most Cardenio ever dares to do is to take, Work — Don Quixote de la Mancha almost by force, one of her lovely white hands and press it to his lips.” This, in fact, is all he can do to express his affection, since window-bars separate the two star crossed lovers.

Luscinda Shows Her Love For Cardenio By Fainting When He Leaves To Join Duke Ricardo: When Cardenio tells Luscinda’s father to postpone settling their marriage for a few days until he discovers what Duke Ricardo wants of him, Luscinda confirms his promise with a “thousand vows and a thousand swoons.”

Cardenio Is Delighted To Return To His Father’s House Since He Wants To See Luscinda Again: Moved by his love for Luscinda, Cardenio welcomes Don Fernando’s decision to stay with him at his father’s house for a few months. With the thought of seeing his dear Luscinda again, Cardenio advises Don Fernando to carry out his plan as soon as possible because “prolonged absence is bound to have California Reconquista – California Was in factOnce a Fatherlandof Its Of their personal its effect, in spite of the strongest feelings.” Therefore, when the two men arrive in the city, Cardenio’s passion for Luscinda is immediately revived, upon seeing her.

After Luscinda Weds Don Fernando She Meets Cardenio at a Roadside Tavern Near Andalusia: Cardenio and Luscinda reunite at a roadside tavern near Andalusia, where she is forced to stay with Don Fernando. When Luscinda enters this inn by the entrance of a room in which Cardenio hides, Cardenio does not recognize her right away, since her face is covered in a veil. But when Cardenio hears Luscinda say that it is precisely because she is so honest that she finds herself in her current predicament, he exclaims: “Good god! What is this I hear? Whose voice is ringing in my ears?” In reply, Luscinda stands-up and struggles to enter the room in which Cardenio’s voice can be heard. But Don Fernando grabs her by the shoulders and attempts to hold her in a seated position. A struggle then ensues between Luscinda and Don Fernando, during which her taffeta travelling-mask slips down, revealing a face of “incomparable and miraculous beauty.” Hearing this struggle, Cardenio rushes into the inn’s foyer, only to see Luscinda in Don Fernando arms.

Cardenio and Luscinda’s Communication: Whenever Cardenio and Luscinda talked in the past, they did so with great joy, without any tears, sighs, jealousies, suspicions or fears. Prior to Don Fernando’s interference, Cardenio would “extol Luscinda’s beauty, marvel at her merits, and praise her understanding,” while Luscinda would return his compliments with interest, by “praising in him that which seemed to her, as a woman in love, worthy of praise.” Thus they would tell each other many stories about their friends and neighbors. But when Luscinda urges Cardenio to hurry-up and get his father to ask her father for his blessing, her eyes fill with tears and a knot forms in her throat, stopping her from speaking any more of the very many words she appears to want to say to him. Overwhelmed with emotion, Luscinda cannot form the words, or muster the courage, to tell Cardenio that Don Fernando is attempting to win her, and her family, over to his suit. In turn, Cardenio is astonished at her loss of words, because it had never happened before. Before the sorrowful day of Cardenio’s departure to Andalusia—where he goes to fetch six horses from Don Fernando’s elder brother—Luscinda acts strangely by weeping, sighing, and moaning. Baffled by Luscinda’s new way of communicating with him, Cardenio goes away confused and fearful at having seen these sad new signs of deep grief in her.

Luscinda And Cardenio’s Letters: Luscinda writes a series of letters to Cardenio to express how much she respects, loves, and wants to marry him. In her first letter to Cardenio, Luscinda writes that if his claims to love her are true he should ask her father for her hand in marriage, which, he will willingly give, since he knows Cardenio loves his daughter. In her second letter, Luscinda warns Cardenio Don Quixote wordsmith – Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra that Don Fernando asked her to marry him, which her father approves of since he is convinced that Don Fernando is a better match for Luscinda than Cardenio is. In her second letter, Luscinda implies that if Cardenio wants to stop the wedding, he should come and intervene before it is too late.

In reply to this news, Cardenio writes a scolding missive to Luscinda in which he berates her for: her inability to match her honest thoughts of love with genuine actions of marriage; her rejection of him not because of his intrinsic self-worth, or lack thereof, but because another has more money than he does; and, in short, because of the incongruity between her outer beauty and her inner deeds. Despite these criticisms, however, Cardenio hopes that Don Fernando’s deceptions will not become apparent to Luscinda so that she is not struck with remorse for banishing Cardenio to the wastelands of the Sierra Morena. In brief, Cardenio ends his only missive to Luscinda by hoping that he will not be provoked into taking revenge on Don Fernando. Leaving his letter with someone with whom he often stays ? so this person can place it in Luscinda’s hands ? Cardenio leaves the city where nobody can find him.

Lucinda’s Letters to Cardenio

First Letter

“Each day I find qualities in you that oblige me and compel me to hold you in even higher esteem; and so, if you should wish to relieve me of this obligation without causing me to forfeit my honour, you can easily do so. I have a father who knows you and loves me, and will not be going against my wishes when he accedes to those which you may justly have, if you esteem me, as you say and I believe.”

Second Letter

“The promise that Don Fernando made you, to persuade your father to speak to mine, has been kept, but more for his gratification then for your benefit. You must know, sir, that he has asked for my hand in marriage, and my father, persuaded that Don Fernando will be a better match, has given his consent so eagerly that the wedding is to take place two days from now, in such secret that the only witnesses will be the heavens and my household. My present state is something that you can imagine for yourself; whether it is in your interest to come is something that you must decide for yourself; and whether I love you or not is something that the outcome of this affair will [illustrate] for you. God grant that this may reach your hand before mine is joined with that of one who keeps his promises so badly.”

Cardenio’s Letter to Luscinda

“Your false promise and my true misfortune carry me to a place from whence you will sooner hear the news of my death than the sound of my complaints. You rejected me, ungrateful woman, for one more wealthy but not more worthy than I; yet if your virtue were a valued treasure, I should not now be envying another’s good fortune or lamenting my own misfortune. What your beauty raised up, your deeds have laid low: your beauty made me believe you were an angel, your deeds make me realize you are a woman. Peace be with you, you have sent war to me, and may heaven keep your husband’s deceptions concealed forever, so that you are not struck with remorse for what you have done, and I do not reap the revenge that I do not desire.”

Cardenio Does Not Stop The Wedding Between Luscinda and Don Fernando:

After learning that Don Fernando asked Luscinda to marry him and her father agreed to the match, Cardenio, realizes that the purchase of the horses had been a clever ploy to get rid of him. Motivated by the fear of “losing the treasure that he had won by so many years of effort,” compounded by his indignation at being deceived, Cardenio rides back to his home-town at a rapid clip to convince Luscinda not to marry Don Fernando. Riding in unobserved, Cardenio leaves his mule at the house of the fellow who’d brought him the letter, and it is his good fortune to find Luscinda at her window. As soon as Luscinda recognizes Cardenio she tells him that the “treacherous Don Fernando, and her covetous father, are assembled in the hall, with the others, to witness not her marriage but her death since she intends to kill herself rather than marry a man she does not love.” Then Luscinda tells Cardenio that if her words cannot convince people that she does not, and should not, marry Don Fernando, she has concealed a dagger on herself, which she will plunge into her breast, to convince Cardenio that she loves him and no other and will, thus, marry him and no other. In reply, Cardenio says that he carries a sword to defend Luscinda from marrying Don Fernando against her will. When Luscinda is rushed away to marry Don Fernando, Cardenio nerves himself to go into Luscinda’s house, as best he can, slipping into her home, unobserved, into a recess formed by a window in the hall, covered by the borders of two tapestries, between which he can see, without being seen, everything that happens. With disordered thoughts and a fluttering heart Cardenio watches the bridegroom walk into the hall “wearing nothing finer than his everyday clothes,” with one of his cousins as his best man and a train of liveried servants. Some moments later Cardenio watches Luscinda walk out of a side-room accompanied by her mother and two maids, “richly dressed and adorned as her rank and beauty deserves.” Finally, when the parish priest takes Don Fernando and Dorotea by the hand and asks each if they accept the other, Cardenio thrusts his neck out from between the two tapestries to listen—with straining ears and soul in turmoil—to Luscinda’s reply, knowing that it will be either his death sentence or his confirmation of life. Though, in retrospect, Cardenio regrets “not rushing out of his hiding place” to remind Luscinda that since she is his, and no other’s, she should consider what she owes him by thinking about what she is doing before she does it, in reality he does no such thing. Rather, Cardenio awaits Luscinda’s yes-or-no reply, with bated breath. Since she does not answer right away, Cardenio thinks that either Luscinda is going to loosen her tongue to undeceive them all, or she is going to draw her dagger and allow it to speak for her. But when Cardenio hears her whisper “I Will” and then faint to the ground, his hopes to wed her are dashed. Recalling that he is a man, Cardenio plucks up his courage—intent on chopping Don Fernando to pieces—but he does not take his revenge on “one of his greatest enemies,” but calms down instead, recovering his better judgment. Instead of overreacting in anger, Cardenio leaves Luscinda’s house and returns to the spot where he leaves his mule, and, without stopping for chit-chat, he mounts it and rides out of town at a rapid pace.

Cardenio Faults Luscinda:

Cardenio bellows out curse after curse on Luscinda for the wrong she had done him. Moreover, he is disappointed that she breaks her promise to “put an end to her life” rather than act against her true-love passion. Boiling with rage, Cardenio flees to the countryside, with the darkness of the night hiding him and its silence inviting him to voice his complaints. Without fear of being overheard, or recognized, Cardenio calls Luscinda cruel, ungrateful, false, thankless, and covetous, since he thinks that “Don Fernando’s wealth had closed the eyes of her affection, taking it away from him and bestowing it on one whom fortune had been more bountiful and generous.” Cardenio further reasons that Luscinda should have declared to Don Fernando that she had already made a promise to marry another. This is why Cardenio concludes that: a lack of true love, a dearth of good sense, an excess of ambition, and a thirst for grandeur, had made her “forget the words with which she’d deceived, kept alive, and sustained his firm hopes and honorable desires.” This betrayal causes Cardenio to say that although Luscinda could have been happy if she had been his, she brought about, with her lack of courage, a situation that drove him into the Sierra Morena to contemplate the wrongs done to him.

Since Cardenio’s Love For Luscinda is Strong Cardenio Disobeys A Direct Order From Duke Ricardo’s Elder Son: When Duke Ricardo’s elder brother tells Cardenio to wait for a week while he assembles the money he needs to give Don Fernando, he comes very close to disobeying this request, since he wants to be near Luscinda during her time of need. In spite of all this, however, Cardenio obeys this request as a dutiful servant, even though doing so gives Don Fernando the opportunity to seduce Luscinda. But when Luscinda writes Cardenio a letter telling him that Don Fernando has asked her to marry him and that her father has accepted “without waiting any longer for a reply for money,” Cardenio sets off for his home-village, straight away, directly disobeying an order from his liege lord’s son.

Cardenio’s Rhetorical Questions When He Recalls His Experience With Luscinda: When Cardenio recall Luscinda’s wedding to Don Fernando he asks a series of rhetorical questions. For example, he asks why his memory brings before him the incomparable beauty of that adored enemy of his? Or, why Luscinda does not persuade Don Fernando, along with her family, that she will not marry against her will. Finally, Cardenio wonders why Luscinda did not plunge a dagger deep into her breast, as promised, so that Cardenio can put an end to his life, as opposed to wandering around the Sierra Morena, stark, raving, mad?

Cardenio Holds Luscinda Up When She Is Overcome With Emotion: When Don Fernando releases Luscinda from his iron grip, she “swoons and would have slumped to the floor had not Cardenio hurried to support her with his arms.” Supporting her with his body Cardenio tells Luscinda that finally some repose is granted to his “steadfast, faithful, and beautiful lady,” because nowhere can she rest more safely than in the arms that hold her now.

Cardenio and Luscinda’s Reunion: When Cardenio catches Luscinda before she faints to the ground, she responds to Cardenio’s smooth voice and kind words by throwing her arms around his neck and pressing her face to his, saying the he is her dearest love and true companion, however many threats are made against her life which depends on his.

Don Clavijo and Princess Antonomasia: A Knight Marries an Aristocrat

To woo princess Antonomasia, Don Clavijo praises her fine-mind, complements her true beauty, strums his guitar to the accompaniment of Spanish poetry, and seeks to win the approval of her guardian and protectoress, the Countess of Trifaldi. Though princess Antonomasia is only Don Quixote de la Mancha – Adage and Intelligence a 14-year-old teenager, she is highly intelligent and has a precocious maturity for her age, exemplified by her initial resistance to Don Clavijo’s many charms and perfections. Though she may not have much experience of the world, and thus the knowledge and understanding that comes with age, Princess Antonomasia has a wonderful temperament, a beautiful disposition, and speaks with a wonderful sense of maturity for her years. This is why the “fortress of princess Antonomasia’s virtue” is not conquered by the confident boldness of Don Clavijo, until a trusted elder, the Countess of Trifaldi, is persuaded that Don Clavijo is right for her. After the Countess of Trifaldi smoothes the way for Don Clavijo to visit princess Antonomasia’s bed chamber repeatedly, this teenage couple, consummate their love for one another by conceiving a child. Indeed, when Princess Antonomasia and Don Clavijo can no longer secret their prenuptial lovemaking, because Princess Antonomasia is pregnant, and her stomach swells, they decide to go, at Trifaldi’s behest, to convince the Vicar General that they love each other, and thus intend to marry. After ascertaining that Princess Antonomasia loves Don Clavijo and Don Clavijo loves Princess Antonomasia, and after receiving an iron clad promise from Don Clavijo that he will marry princess Antonomasia, the Vicar General betroths Don Clavijo and Princess Antonomasia for life.

 

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Originally posted 2020-01-15 13:18:34.