February 8, 2023

Sanson Carrasco, BA

Sanson Carrasco, BA - Don Quixote
Don Quixote Novel

(Graduate of Salamanca University / The Knight of the Forrest / The Knight of the Spangles / The Knight of the White Moon)

Physical Description: Sanson Carrasco is a well-built, not very tall, twenty-four year old man, with a pale visage, a moon face, a snub nose, and a large mouth. Though he isn’t “a big man” his physical traits suggest that he “loves joking and jesting.” We are told that though this Don Quixote Fiction new graduate looks strange his “wits are sharp,” which more than makes up for his physical defects.

Joker/Shape-Shifter: Sanson Carrasco is a lover of joking and jesting since he has a “waggish disposition.” This is why he loves pulling people’s legs in the quadrangles of the colleges of Salamanca. Described as a “perpetual frolicker and entertainer of the quadrangles of the colleges of Salamanca,” Sanson Carrasco’s flair for playacting comes through when he pretends to be the Knight of the Forest, first, then, the Knight of the White Moon, towards the end of the book. We learn that Sanson Carrasco pretends to be a knight in shining armor to trick Don Quixote to return to his native village, stay in his own house, and rest in his own bed.

Sanson Carrasco’s Education/Occupation: Since Sanson Carrasco is something of a poet and a humanist, he holds a bachelor’s degree in the arts and humanities from Don Quixote Narrative Salamanca University. This fact is confirmed by the statement that “Bartolome Carrasco’s son (Sanson Carrasco) came back home from Salamanca University, where he’s passed his final exams.” After graduating, Sanson Carrasco takes minor clerical orders in a local church.

Sanson Carrasco Informs Don Quixote That He Is In a Book: Before Don Quixote sets out on his third sally, Sanson Carrasco tells him that his history has been recorded in a book called The Ingenious Hidalgo Don Quixote de la Mancha. What’s more, the young graduate says that Sancho Panza is named in it, and Dulcinea del Toboso, too, and that “things are mentioned in it when [Don Quixote and Sancho Panza are] alone.” Eventually, Sanson Carrasco finds Don Quixote and “throws himself to his knees saying: ‘Pray give me your hands, Don Quixote de la Mancha, [for] I swear by this habit of Saint Peter I am wearing that you are one of the most famous knights errant that have ever existed or indeed ever will exist in the whole don quixote – quixotism wide world.’” Then Sanson Carrasco wishes “a blessing on Cide Hamete el Benengeli for having written the history of his great deeds, and a double blessing on the diligent man who took care to have it translated from Arabic into our Castilian vernacular, for the amusement and entertainment of all.” At this assertion, Don Quixote “brings him to his feet and says: ‘Is it true then that a history of me exists, and that it was a Moor and a sage who wrote it?’” Yes, Sanson Carrasco replies “‘it is so true that more than twelve thousand copies of the history are in print at this moment.” In fact, Sanson Carrasco says that “there is a report that it’s being printed now in Antwerp, and all the signs are that there’s no language in the world into which it has not been translated.” Sanson Carrasco continues that “as far as [your] good name and reputation is concerned, you have gained the palm from all other knights errant, because the Moor in his language, and the Christian in his, took good care to depict most vividly for us your courage in confronting perils, your patience in adversity, your long-suffering in misfortune, and your chastity and continuance in that most platonic love-affair between you and my lady Dona Dulcinea del Toboso.” In reply to Don Quixote’s question about “which of his deeds are most highly praised in the history,” Sanson Carrasco says that “opinions differ, as tastes do.” Some “prefer the adventure of the windmills, which you thought were Biareuses and giants; others, the adventure of the fulling-mill; others, the description of the two armies that turned out to be two flocks of sheep, [while] one man praises the adventure of the corpse being taken to Segovia to be buried; [while] another says that the best one of them equals the adventure of the two Benedictine giants and the fight with the brave Basque.” At this point Sancho Panza asks whether the author “included the adventure of the men from Yanguas, when good old Rocinante had the bright idea of reaching for the stars?” In reply, Sanson Carrasco tells Sancho Panza that “the sage didn’t leave anything out, [including] the capers cut by Sancho in the [muleteers] blanket.” That said, Sanson Carrasco tells Don Quixote that there are some readers who would “have [been] happier if its authors had overlooked some of the countless beatings that [he] received in various confrontations.” Later, Don Quixote asks Sanson Carrasco if “the book that has been written about [him] pleases many people.” In reply, Sanson Carrasco says that “innumerable are [people] who have relished [his] history.” But, “some [find] fault with the author’s memory and accuse him of deception because he forgets to tell [them] who the thief was that stole Sancho Panza’s donkey.” While others, according to Sanson Carrasco, say that the author forgot to state what Sancho did with the hundred escudos he found in the travelling bag in the Sierra Moreno, which are never mentioned again.”

Sanson Carrasco Talks About Poetry Versus History: After Don Quixote says that “‘there is no need to narrate actions that do not alter or undermine the truth of history, [Sanson Carrasco replies] ‘it’s one thing to write as a poet and quite another to write as a historian.’” The “poet can narrate or sing events not as they were but as they should have been, [while] the historian must record them not as they should have been but as they were, without adding anything to the truth or taking anything away from it.”

Sanson Carrasco Talks About Sancho Panza’s Island Governorship: When Sanson Carrasco first hears about Sancho Panza’s island governorship he says that “‘if it is God’s will, there shall be a thousand islands for Sancho to govern, let alone one.’” In reply to Sancho Panza’s claim that he has “seen [many] governors that can’t hold a candle to [him yet still] get called my lord [and served food] on plates of silver, [Sanson Carrasco says]: ‘Those aren’t governors of islands but of other less demanding things; because those who govern islands must at the very least have some knowledge of syntax.’”

Sanson Carrasco Comments On “The Tale of Inappropriate Curiosity”: Sanson Carrasco says that “one of the faults [of Don Quixote’s] history is that the author included a tale called “Inappropriate Curiosity.” Not “that it is a bad one badly told, [adds Sanson Carrasco], but it’s out of place and has nothing to do with the history of the great Don Quixote.”

Sanson Carrasco Talks About “Don Quixote’s” Popularity and Intelligibility: In response to Don Quixote’s concern that “the author of [his] history is no sage but some ignorant prattler who started writing [his book] in a haphazard and unplanned way and let it turn out however he would, [Sanson Carrasco insists that] it’s so very intelligible that it doesn’t pose any difficulties at all.” Furthermore, Sanson Carrasco says that “children leaf through it, adolescents read it, grown men understand it and old men praise it, and, in short, it is so well-thumbed and well-perused and well-known by all kinds of people that as soon as they see a skinny nag pass by they say: ‘Look, there goes Rocinante.” Moreover, Sanson Carrasco says that “the people who have most taken it in are the page-boys” because it appeals to their sense of a merit based culture based on social mobility. Sanson Carrasco continues that “there’s not a lord’s antechamber without its Quixote: [for] if one person puts it aside, another picks it up. Some ask it to be lent, [while] others run up and snatch it away.”

Sanson Carrasco Says “Don Quixote” is a Catholic Book: Sanson Carrasco says that Don Quixote “provides the most delightful and least harmful entertainment ever, because nowhere in it can one find the slightest suspicion of language that isn’t wholesome or thoughts that aren’t Catholic.”

Sanson Carrasco’s Criticism of Books: When Don Quixote says that “there are those who toss off books as if they were pancakes, [Sanson Carassco responds that in spite of that] there’s no book so bad that there isn’t something good in it.” In turn, Don Quixote replies that “it often happens that men who have deservedly achieved and won fame by their writings lose it completely or find it diminished in part as soon as they publish them.” The reason for that, says Sanson Carrasco “is that printed works are read at leisure and their defects are easily spotted, and the more famous the author the more closely they are scrutinized.” Men renowned, Sanson Carrasco continues, for their genius—great poets, illustrious historians—are usually envied by those whose pleasure and pastime is to pass judgement on what others have written, without ever having published anything themselves.” That “is not surprising, [Don Quixote replies], because there are many theologians who cannot preach, yet are experts at identifying the faults and excesses of those who can.” In agreement, Sanson Carrasco says that he “wishes that such critics were more forgiving and less censorious, and did not pay such [close] attention to the spots on the brilliant sun of the work they grumble at.” In conclusion, Sanson Carrasco says that “anyone publishing a book exposes himself to enormous risk, because it’s absolutely impossible to write one in such a way that it satisfies and pleases all those who read it.”

Sanson Carrasco Dines with Don Quixote: After Sanson Carrasco and Don Quixote talk about his book, Don Quixote asks him to share his humble board. The recent graduate accepts the invitation and stays for a meal, which consist of squabs, and not much else. During their repast, the conversation at the table is about chivalry.

Sanson Carrasco Talks To Sancho Panza About His Stolen Donkey: When Sancho Panza responds to what Sanson Carrasco says “about people wanting to know who stole his donkey”—by explaining how Gines de Pasamonte removed Dapple from between his legs while he was sleeping—Sanson Carrasco replies that the authors mistake was not in omitting these details. Rather, “the mistake is that before the ass has reappeared the author says Sancho’s riding it!”

Sanson Carrasco Ask Sancho Panza About the Hundred Escudos: To correct what some view as a flaw in the narration of part one of “Don Quixote,” Sanson Carrasco asks “what happened to the hundred escudos? Did they disappear into thin air?” In reply, Sancho Panza says that he laid them out for “the well-being of [his] person and of [his] wife and children.” Equipped with this intelligence, the Catholic Cannon says he’ll “take care to warn the author of the history that if he prints it again he mustn’t forget what the worthy Sancho has just said—for this will carry [the book] to even greater heights.”

Sanson Carrasco Talks About The Second Part of Don Quixote: When Don Quixote asks if the author promised a sequel to his adventures, Sanson Carrasco replies: “Yes, [he has] but he says that he hasn’t found it [yet] and doesn’t know who’s got it, so [he] can’t tell whether it’ll come out or not.” Sanson Carrasco elaborates that some “people are saying ‘Second parts are never any good,’ while others are saying what has already been written about Don Quixote is quite enough.’” Sanson Carrasco surmises that though “there are doubts about the appearance of this second part, people who are jovial rather than saturnine say, ‘Let’s have more quixotry—let Don Quixote charge and Sancho Panza talk, and that’ll keep us happy whatever he writes.” This statement prompts Don Quixote to ask what the author’s position on this topic is. In reply, Sanson Carrasco says that the author says “that as soon as he finds the history for which he’s searching, he’s going to have it printed immediately, more for the profit he can make out of it than to win anybody’s praise.”

Sanson Carrasco Proposes that Don Quixote Attend The Jousts in Saragossa: When Don Quixote proposes to make “a third sally in three or four days time,” the young graduates advice is that he “should travel to the Kingdom of Aragon and the city of Saragossa, where solemn jousts [will] be held to celebrate Saint George’s Day.” According to Sanson Carrasco, if Don Quixote attends these jousts he will have “the chance to outshine all the knights in Aragon, which would be the same as outshining all the knights in the world.” Though Sanson Carrasco “commends Don Quixote’s decision [to attend the joust in Saragossa] as a most honorable and courageous one [he] warns him to be more cautious when he confronts dangers, because his life [is] not his own: it belongs to all those who need his aid and protection in their misfortunes.”

Sanson Carrasco Talks About Sancho Panza’s Island Governorship: Sanson Carrasco advises Sancho Panza to “Be careful [about his island governorship] because success can go to one’s head, and it could be that once [he is] a governor [he] won’t know his own mother.”

Don Quixote Asks Sanson Carrasco to Write Verses About Dulcinea: Don Quixote “asks the young graduate [that since] he [is] a poet, [he should] write verses about the way he intended to bid farewell to his lady Dulcinea del Toboso, and to take care to put at the beginning of each line one letter of her name, so that when the reader reaches the end of the poem and puts all the first letters together they read Dulcinea del Toboso.” Sanson Carrasco replies “that even though he isn’t one of the [most] famous poets in Spain, he won’t fail to write the poem, in spite of the difficulty of the task.”

Don Quixote Asks Sanson Carrasco to Keep His Third Sally a Secret: Upon parting, Don Quixote “instructs the young graduate to keep his intentions secret, particularly from the priest and [the barber but] also from his niece and [his] housekeeper, so they won’t prevent him from putting his honorable and courageous intentions into practice.” After Sanson Carrasco promises to do this, he takes “his leave, begging Don Quixote to send him all his news, both good and bad, whenever he [has] an opportunity to do so.”

Don Quixote’s Housekeeper Wants Sanson Carrasco to Stop Don Quixote From Beginning His Third Sally: Don Quixote’s housekeeper “searches [for] the young graduate Sanson Carrasco believing that being an eloquent man and her master’s latest friend he’d be able to persuade him to desist from [setting out again].” Eventually, she finds Sanson Carrasco “strolling about his courtyard.” Falling to her knees and “sweating with anguish,” Sanson Carrasco asks her what is wrong. In reply, Don Quixote’s housekeeper says that her “master’s breaking out; he’s breaking out for certain.” Sanson Carrasco inquires what he is “breaking out of? Has a hole appeared in some part of his body?” The housekeeper responds that he is “breaking out through the gaping gate of his madness [because] he wants to go off again, for the third time, and wander around the world trying his fortune, as he puts it.” Evidently, Don Quixote’s housekeeper is very worried by this prospect because “the first time, they brought him home draped over a donkey, beaten black and blue. The second time he came back on an ox-cart locked in a cage, thinking he was enchanted, and in such a state, poor fellow, that his mother wouldn’t have known him: thin, pale, his eyes sunk back into the depths of the attic of his brain.” Moreover, Don Quixote’s housekeeper says that it “has cost [her] more than six hundred eggs to get him into some sort of shape again.” To this, Sanson Carrasco tells her not worry” about Don Quixote because nothing fatal has happened to him yet. Then he tells the housekeeper to “hurry back home and make [him] something hot for lunch, [and he’ll] soon join her,” to figure out what is best to be done. Later, Sanson Carrasco “comes in with [Don Quixote’s] housekeeper and niece, who [are] anxious to hear how the young graduate was going to persuade their master not to go off again in search of adventures.”

Sanson Carrasco Encourages Don Quixote To Quest For A Third Time: The famous jester, Sanson Carrasco, comes “up to Don Quixote, embraces him, and proclaims: ‘O flower of knight-errantry! O resplendent light of arms! O honour and mirror of the Spanish nation! May it please [us] that the person or persons who would impede or prevent your third sally may never extricate themselves from the muddled maze of their murky musings, and never accomplish their evil desires.’” Then he turns to the housekeeper and says that she “can stop saying the prayer of Saint Apollonian [for he] knows that it is the precise determination of the heavenly spheres that Don Quixote shall put into execution his original and lofty designs.” Moreover, Sanson Carrasco says that “it would be a heavy burden on [his] conscience if [he] did not urge and exhort [our] knight to no longer restrain and still the strength of his mighty arm and the valour of his brave heart, because his inactivity is depriving wrongs of their righting, orphans of their succour, maidens of their honour, widows of their consolation and wives of their solace, and other problems of this sort that affect, concern, depend and are incumbent upon the order of knight-errantry.” Then, Sanson Carrasco asks Don Quixote to “Come [with him to] set off again in all [his] greatness and splendor, and if anything is wanting for the execution of [his] resolve, [he is there] to provide [his] person and estate, [for Don Quixote’s benefit.]” Moreover, Sanson Carrasco says that if it [is] necessary for [him] to serve [Don Quixote] as [his] squire, [he] should count it the greatest of good fortune to do so!”

Don Quixote Is Enthused By Sanson Carrasco’s Offer To Be His Squire: Taking Sanson Carrasco’s joke as the literal truth, Don Quixote exclaims to his squire: “Did I not tell you, Sancho, that I should have squires to spare? Look who is offering himself for the position: no less than the extraordinary bachelor of arts Sanson Carrasco, the perpetual frolicker and entertainer of the quadrangles of the colleges of Salamanca, sound of body, agile of limb, quiet, long suffering in the heat and cold in hunger and in thirst—all the qualities needed to be a knight errant’s squire.” But, for all his praise of Sanson Carrasco, Don Quixote still preys that “heaven forbid that merely for [his] own pleasure [he] should demolish the column of letters and fell the lofty palm of the fair and liberal arts.” In this vien, our knight continues by saying: “Let [Sanson Carrasco] stay in his own [home], and in honoring it [may he] honor the grey hairs of his aged parents, for I shall be content with any squire that comes to hand, given that Sancho does not deign to accompany me.”

Sanson Carrasco Is Surprised With Sancho Panza’s Funny Speech: After Sancho Panza articulates his wish to squire for Don Quixote, Sanson Carrasco is “astonished to hear how Sancho Panza expresses himself, because even though he’d read the first volume of his master’s history he’d never believed that Sancho was as funny as he is depicted there.”

Sanson Carrasco is Don Quixote’s Oracle: When Don Quixote and Sancho Panza embrace and are friends again, Sanson Carrasco approves and blesses their reunion. Now their Oracle, the young graduate prophesizes “that [Don Quixote and Sancho Panza] will set out three days later” on their third sally.

Sanson Carrasco Lends Don Quixote His Helmet: Sanson Carrasco offers Don Quixote a “helmet with a visor because he knows that a friend of his who owns it won’t refuse to let him have it, even though it [isn’t] so much brilliant with the splendour of burnished steel as murky with the rust and mould festooning it.”

Why Sanson Carrasco Encourages Don Quixote’s Third Sally: The young graduate Sanson Carrasco “advises Don Quixote to resume his interrupted chivalric exploits, because he’d first sat in council with the priest and the barber to decide what steps could be taken to prevail on Don Quixote to stay quietly at home undisturbed by [a] quest for [more] adventures.” The result of their deliberation is “the unanimous acceptance of [Sanson] Carrasco’s proposal that Don Quixote be allowed to sally forth, because it seems impossible to stop him.” What’s more, Sanson Carrasco plans to waylay him disguised as a knight errant, and do battle with him and defeat him, which [to him is] easy.” Moreover, the three men agree that Sanson Carrasco and Don Quixote “should first solemnly agree that the vanquished would be at the mercy of the victor, [so that] once Don Quixote [is] defeated, the graduate knight would order him to return to his village and his home and not leave them for two years or until further notice.” In their view, “it [is] obvious that once defeated, Don Quixote would comply so as not to contravene the laws of chivalry.” Furthermore, Sanson Carrasco, the priest, and the barber, think that “during his period of reclusion [Don Quixote would] forget about [adventure questing], or an opportunity might arise to seek some suitable remedy for his madness.” Thus, Sanson Carrasco “accepts his mission [and] puts on his armour.”

Sanson Carrasco Rides Out With Don Quixote on His Third Sally: When Don Quixote and Sancho Panza start out at nightfall for El Toboso to commence their third sally, “the young graduate [rides] out with them for a mile or two.” After escorting them for a while, Sanson Carrasco “embraces Don Quixote and begs to be sent news of his fortunes, both good and bad, to rejoice at the latter or grieve over the former, as the laws of friendship require.” After “Don Quixote promises to do so, Sanson [Carrasco] returns to [his home] village and the other two [men ride] on towards El Toboso.”

Sanson Carrasco and Teresa Panza’s Letters: When Teresa Panza needs someone to read Sancho Panza’s and the Duchess of Aragon’s letters, her daughter says that the “student Sanson Carrasco [will] be happy to [read the letter for her].” Later, when Teresa Panza “hurries out of [her] house carrying her letters” from Sancho Panza and the Duchess of Aragon, she meets the young graduate “Sanson Carrasco.” The priest reads Teresa Panza’s letters out loud to the young graduate, who asks “who had brought them.” In reply, Teresa Panza says that these letters are from Duchesses and Governors. “Stuff and nonsense,” Sanson Carrasco interjects. Suggesting that they “go [and] see the bearer of the letter to solve the problem for” them. When they find the page in the barn “sieving some barley for his horse, [Sanson Carrasco] asks him for news of Don Quixote and Sancho Panza, [because he is] confused and [can’t] fathom this business of Sancho Panza’s governorship of an island when all or nearly all islands in the Mediterranean Sea belongs to his majesty,” King Phillip the Third. Sanson Carrasco thinks that the Duchess’s Page is “pulling Teresa Panza’s leg, [but] the excellence of [a string] of corals and the hunting outfit that Sancho [Panza sends her] throws him into confusion.” To get to the truth of the matter, Sanson Carrasco asks the page if he “still asserts that the story of Governor Sancho Panza being governor is true, and that there really is a Duchess who sends his wife presents and writes to her?” To elaborate, Sanson Carrasco says that “even though [he has] handled the presents and read the letters, [he] still can’t believe it.” Rather, he thinks that “this must be another [one] of those escapades of [his] neighbor Don Quixote, who fancies that everything is done by enchantment.” Thus, Sanson Carrasco would like “to touch and feel [the page] to see whether [he’s] a fantasy messenger or a man of flesh and blood.” Though the page answers that he is a “real messenger of flesh and blood,” Sanson Carrasco still doubts it. In the end, Sanson Carrasco offers “to write Teresa [Panza’s] answers to her letters.” But she declines on grounds that “she doesn’t want the graduate poking his nose into her affairs, because she thinks he is rather too fond of pulling people’s legs.”

Sanson Carrasco at the Duke’s Country Estate: When Sanson Carrasco reaches the Duke’s country estate, the Duke asks that he inform him “if he finds” Don Quixote in Saragossa, and whether he defeats him as the Knight of the White Moon, or not.” After promising the Duke that he will, Sanson Carrasco goes to Barcelona, defeats our knight, then returns to the Duke’s castle to notify him of the outcome of their battle. Upon return, Sanson Carrasco tells the Duke “the whole story [of their combat,] complete with a description of the conditions of [their battle.]” Here, Sanson Carrasco adds that “Don Quixote was on his way back to keep his promise, as a good knight errant, to retire to his village for a year, during which time [he] hoped that he might recover from his madness; for this was the intention that had moved the young graduate to assume his, [many] disguises.”

Sanson Carrasco on Don Quixote’s Death Bed: When Don Quixote is bedridden for six days, dying of a broken heart, after being defeated by the Knight of the White Moon, Sanson Carrasco tells him “to cheer up and make a start on the pastoral life for which he’d already written an eclogue that would be bad news for all the eclogues Sannazaro had ever produced.” Moreover, Sanson Carrasco tells Don Quixote that “he’d bought, with his own money, two splendid dogs to watch over the flock, one of them is called Barcino and the other Butron, which a herdsman from Quintar had sold him.” Later, Sanson Carrasco tells Don Quixote “now that [he] has heard the news about the lady Dulcinea [being] disenchanted, [he should come out with him and be a] shepherd [and] spend all his time singing and living like [a] lord.” Furthermore, Sanson Carrasco asks Don Quixote if he “wants to turn himself into a hermit.” Finally, the young graduate tells Don Quixote to “stop it for goodness sake, and come to [his] senses, and forget all about” his defeat and the disenchantment of Dulcinea. At this point, Sanson Carrasco goes “to fetch [a] notary and returns a little later with Sancho Panza, who had been told by the graduate about the state his master was in.” Later, when Don Quixote dies, Sanson Carrasco places “this epitaph [on] his tomb:

This is a doughty Knight’s repose

So high his matchless courage rose

That, as it’s plain enough to see,

He granted death no victory,

Not even when in death’s last throes.

He had the luck, with much ado,

To live a madman, yet die wise.

Sanson Carrasco Is The Knight of the Forest (AKA the Knight of the Spangles)

Initial Encounter: When Sancho Panza falls asleep at “the foot of a coark-oak; before long he [is] awakened by a noise he hears behind him.” Startled, Sancho Panza wakes up, listens in the direction of the noise, and sees that “it came from two men on horseback.” One of them “slides down from his saddle and [says] to the other ‘dismount my friend and unbridle the horses, it seems to be that this place provides all the grass [our horses] can want, and all the silence and solitude that I need for my thoughts of love.” As he says this the Knight of the Spangles “stretches himself on the ground [which makes his] his armor creak: a clear sign to Don Quixote that this must be a knight errant.” Then the Knight of the Forest “tunes a lute or viola, spits, clears his throat and readies himself to sing.” A bit later, Don Quixote and Sancho Panza “listen in amazement as [The Knight of the Forest] sings this sonnet:

Tell me¸ my lady, which must be the way,

For me to live my life as you decree,

And then my steadfast steps shall never stray

From where your sovereign will dispatches me.

If you want me to silence all my woe

And die, your slightest word shall seal my fate;

If you want me to find new ways to show

My grief, Love shall himself the tale relate.

Withstanding contradictions is my role,

A man of softest clay and hardest stone;

The laws of love administer my soul:

Both soft and hard, my breast is all your own.

You stamp or carve whatever you like there:

There it will stay eternally I swear.

With a “sigh torn, as it seems, from the very bottom of his heart, the Knight of the Forest ends his song.” But after a pause he “adds in tones of the profoundest grief: ‘O beauteous ingrate on the face of the earth! How is it possible, most serene Casildea de Vandalia, that you should allow this your hapless knight to waste away and perish in endless pilgrimages and in cruel and bitter labours? Is it not enough that I had you acknowledged as the most beautiful woman in the world by all the knights of Navarre, of Leon, of Andalusia, of Castille, and finally by all the knights of La Mancha?’” Astounded by this revelation, Don Quixote listens in case the “delirious knight [reveals] more of his thoughts.” But when the Knight of the Forest hears Don Quixote and Sancho Panza talking he “cuts his lamentation short, stands up and says in booming and courteous tones: ‘Who goes there? Who is it? Are you perchance numbered among the happy, or among the afflicted?” Among “the afflicted,” Don Quixote replies. Then come to me, [the Knight of the Forest says] and you will see that you are coming unto sadness and affliction itself.” At this invitation, Don Quixote and Sancho Panza goes to the Knight of the Forest and his squire.

Don Quixote and The Knight of The Forest’s Initial Conversation: The lamenting knight “seizes Don Quixote by the arm and says ‘Sit here sir knight for to known that you are a knight, and one of those who profess the order of knight-errantry, is sufficient to have found you in this place, accompanied by solitude and by the damp night air, the natural and appropriate abode for a knight errant.’” To which Don Quixote replies “‘A knight [he] is, and of the order he has mentioned; and although [his] soul is the seat of sorrow, misfortune, and disaster, this has not banished from it the compassion [he] feels for the misadventures of others.” Then Don Quixote says that “‘from what [The Knight of the Forest] stated a little earlier [he] gathers that [his] misadventures are amorous ones: that is to say that they concern [his] love for the beautiful ingrate whom [he] named in [his] lament.” In reply, the Knight of the Forest asks Don Quixote if “by any chance [he] is in love.” Don Quixote responds that he is “although the sufferings that spring from well-placed affections should be considered as favours Don Quixote Novel rather than as catastrophes.” Though the Knight of the Forest agrees, he still exclaims that “if disdain (which in excess can seem like revenge) did not muddle their thinking and their understanding,” they would learn to love their ladies with the favor they deserve.

The Knight of the Forest and Sancho Panza: After his initial encounter with Don Quixote, the Knight of the Forest asks him if Sancho Panza is his “squire.” “He is,” answers Don Quixote. Astounded by this reply, the Knight of the Forest says that he has “never seen a squire daring to speak while his master is speaking.”

The Knight of the Forest and His Squire: The Knight of the Forest says that his squire, “who is old enough to be [Sancho Panza’s] father, [has] never opened his mouth while [he] was speaking.”

The Knight of the Forest is Peaceful Towards Don Quixote: During their conversation about lady loves, Don Quixote and Sanson Carrasco “sit side by side on the [cold,] hard ground, in peace and in good fellowship, [which indicates that] when day [breaks] they [won’t] be busy breaking each other’s heads.”

The Knight of the Forest and Don Quixote Discuss Casildea de Vandalia: Among his many remarks, the Knight of the Forest says to Don Quixote that his “free choice led [him] to fall in love with the matchless Casildea de Vandalia [who has] no equal in bodily stature or in supremacy of rank [or] beauty.” Then, the Knight of the Forest tells Don Quixote that he “calls her matchless because she has no equal in bodily stature or in supremacy of rank and beauty.” Afterwards, the Knight of the Forest says that Casildea de Vandalia is “about [to] repay [his] honest affection and pure love by imposing upon [him] many different perilous labors, promising at the end of each one that at the end of the next one [he will] attain the goal of [his] hopes.” But, the Knight of the Forrest continues, “the chain of [his] toils have grown link by link until there’s no counting them, and [he] still doesn’t know when [he’ll] reach the last one, which will be the beginning of the fulfillment of [his] chaste desires.” The Knight of the Forest ends his speech about his lady love by saying that his “hopes are as dead as ever, and her commands and her scorn are alive as ever.”

The Knight of The Forest Taunts Don Quixote: According to the Knight of the Forest, his lady love’s latest command is “for [him] to travel throughout the provinces of Spain and to make all the knights errant roaming through them confess the she surpasses in beauty all women alive today and that [he is] the most happily enamored knight in the world.” Then, the Knight of the Forest upsets Don Quixote by saying that “what makes him proudest of all is having defeated in single combat that famous knight Don Quixote de la Mancha and [that he] forced him to confess that Casildea [de Vandalia] is more beautiful than his Dulcinea.” After a long conversation about how he is Don Quixote De La Mancha, our knight challenges the Knight of the Forest to “maintain [his declaration] by force of arms on foot, [or] on horseback, however [he] prefers.”

The Knight of the Forest Battles Don Quixote: After Don Quixote challenges the Knight of the Forest to single combat, he “rises to his feet, grips his sword [and] instructs [his] squire ‘to make [his] horse ready, because at sunrise [he is] to engage in bloody and unprecedented single combat.” Thus, Sancho Panza fetches Rocinante. After these preparations are made, Don Quixote “looks at his own adversary and finds that [the Knight of the Forests’] helmet [is] already in place with the visor down, so that he can’t see his face.” Then, the two knights mount their horses and Don Quixote “turns Rocinante to take as much ground as needed to charge his adversary, and the Knight of the Spangles” does to. While “Don Quixote stops to install Sancho [Panza] in [a] cork oak, the Knight of the Spangles takes as much ground as he thinks is necessary” to make his charge. Without awaiting “any trumpet-blast or similar signal, [the Knight of the Spangles] turns his horse [and] goes to meet his enemy at top speed.” But when he “sees him busy [placing] Sancho Panza [in a coark oak tree] he draws rein in [mid-charge.]” At this provocation, “Don Quixote imagines that his enemy [is] flying full tilt at him.” Thus, he “digs his spurs into Rocinante’s lanky flanks [and] bears down on the Knight of the Spangles, who [is] burying his spurs up to their butt in his horse without being able to move it one inch from where its charge had come to a halt.” Though Don Quixote sees that his adversary is “harassed by his horse and busy with his lance, Don Quixote [isn’t] concerned with such problems.” Thus, he “charges at the Knight with the Don Quixote – California ’s Wine Trade Took a Substantial Hit During the Prohibition Spangles with such force that he tosses him over his horse’s crupper [to the ground].”

The Knight of the Forest is Identified by Sancho Panza: When the Knight of the Spangles lies on the ground and “unlaces his helmet [Sancho Panza sees] the very face, the very visage, the very countenance, the very physiognomy, the very image, the very effigy of the young graduate Sanson Carrasco.” Don Quixote attributes his squire’s identification to enchantment.

The Knight of the Forest is Enchanted: Don Quixote says that “even though [he] look[s] like the young graduate Sanson Carrasco [he] is not he, but another who looks like he and who has been put here in the shape and form of [his] enemies, to make [him] restrain and mitigate the surge of [his] wrath, and use moderation in the glory of [his] victory.”

The Knight of the Forest is Threatened With Death: After pummeling him to the ground, Don Quixote tells the Knight of the Forest that he is “a dead man if [he] does not confess that the peerless Dulcinea Del Toboso surpasses [his] Casildea de Vandalia in beauty.” Additionally, Don Quixote makes the Knight of the Forest “promise [that if he] survives this fight and this fall to go to the city of El Toboso and present [himself] before her presence on his behalf, so that she may do with [him] whatever she desires.”

The Knight of the Forest Confesses that Dulcinea is Superior to His Lady: The Knight of the Forest “confesses that the dirty tattered shoe of the lady Dulcinea del Toboso is far superior to all the hairs on Casildea’s ill-combed but clean beard.” Moreover, the Knight of the Forest promises “to go into her presence and then return into [Don Quixote’s] to give [him] a full and detailed account of everything [he] demands.”

The Knight of the Forest and His Squire Depart: After The Knight of The Forrest is helped to his feet by Don Quixote, he “and his squire, wretched and disgruntled, limp away to look for some place where his ribs can be poulticed and strapped.”

The Knight of the Forest’s Description: Don Quixote observes that the Knight of the Forest is “a not very tall well-built man [who has] glittering spangles, like little moons, [over his armour,] which makes him look extremely elegant and dashing.” Moreover, Don Quixote observes that over the Knight of the Forest’s helmet “flutters many green, yellow and white plumes; and his lance, leaning up against a tree, [is] long and thick, and tipped with over a foot of steel.”

Sanson Carrasco Is The Knight of the White Moon

Sanson Carrasco Becomes the Knight of the White Moon: On route to the Duke and Duchess’s country estate, Sanson Carrasco does not forget “about how the Knight of the Spangles had been toppled and defeated by Don Quixote, which spoiled all his plans.” So he “decides to try again, hoping for a happier outcome.” Thus, he “looks for some more armour and another horse, paints a white moon on [his] shield, and [puts it on] a mule led by a farmer; not his former squire Tome Cecil” but another man. Sanson Carrasco chooses a different squire so that Don Quixote and Sancho Panza do not identify him as their friend and neighbor.

Initial Encounter: One morning, when Don Quixote rides along a beach in Barcelona in full armor, he “sees a knight approaching him also in full armour with a shining moon painted on his shield.” Once this knight is close enough to be heard he shouts: “‘illustrious knight and never sufficiently praised Don Quixote de la Mancha! I’m the Knight of the White Moon, and my unprecedented exploits have perhaps come to your attention: I’ve come to fight you and to test the strength of your arm, so as to make you recognize and confess that my lady, whoever she happens to be, is far more beautiful than your precious Dulcinea del Toboso; and if you confess this truth good and proper you’ll save your life, and save me the trouble of taking it, too; and if you fight and I defeat you, the only satisfaction I demand is for you to put aside your arms, stop looking for your adventures, go back to your village for a year and stay there without ever touching your sword, in peace and quiet and beneficial tranquility.” But, “if you defeat me, my life will be at your mercy, and my armour, arms and horse will be your spoils, and the fame of my exploits will pass from my name to yours.” Sanson Carrasco ends his speech by asking Don Quixote to “think about what’s best for [him] and to reply speedily, because [he’s] only got a day to do this bit of business.” In response, Don Quixote “accepts his challenge on the conditions that he stipulates.”

The Knight of the White Moon Fights Don Quixote: Commending himself with all his heart to his lady Dulcinea del Toboso, Don Quixote “wheels about to take up a little more ground seeing that this was what his adversary does.” Then, they both at the same instant turn their horses, and since “The Knight of the White Moons horse [is] faster, he hurtles Don Quixote two-thirds of the way along the course with such power that, even though he [doesn’t] touch him with his lance, he sends Rocinante and Don Quixote toppling over in an alarming fall.” Then the Knight of the White Moon is “upon him in a trice, and puts his lance to his opponent’s visor [and says]: ‘You are vanquished, sir knight, and you are a dead man unless you confess what we agreed in our challenge’.” Don Quixote, “battered and stunned, does not raise his visor but he speaks as from inside a grave, in a feeble, faltering voice: ‘Dulcinea del Toboso is the most beautiful woman in the world, and I am the most unfortunate knight in it, and it would not be right for my weakness to obscure the truth.” Then Don Quixote tells Sanson Carrasco to “drive [his] lance home and take away [his] life, since [he has] taken away [his] honor.” In reply, Sanson Carrasco says he “shall do no such thing.” Though, Sanson Carrasco declares that “the fame of the lady Dulcinea del Toboso’s beauty [should] live long unobscured [he still appeases Don Quixote by saying that he] shall be content if the great Don Quixote retires to his village for a year, or until further notice, as [they] agreed before engaging in battle.” Don Quixote replies that “so long as he [is] not asked to do anything to the prejudice of Dulcinea, he [will] comply as a true and dutiful knight.” After this exchange, the Knight of the White Moon “turns his steed, bows his head to the viceroy [of Catalonia,] then rides into [Barcelona] at a canter.”

The Knight of the White Moon Answers The Viceroy of Catalonia’s Questions: When the Viceroy of Catalonia “sees both men about to turn and charge, he plants himself between them and asks what the cause is of this sudden combat.” In reply, the Knight of the White Moon says “it [is] a question of pre-eminence in beauty, summarizing what he said to Don Quixote together with the acceptance by both parties of the conditions of combat.” Later, the Knight of the White Moon explains that his “name is Sanson Carrasco, BA [who is] from the same village as Don Quixote de la Mancha, [and] whose madness and folly makes everyone feel sorry for him.” Then, Sanson Carrasco explains that he is “one of those who feel sorriest of all.” Thus, “in the belief that his well-being depends upon his resting, and staying in his own village and his own home, [he] worked out a scheme to achieve this.” Then, Sanson Carrasco explains that “three months ago [he] took to the road calling himself the Knight of the Spangles, intent on fighting Don Quixote and beating him, without hurting him, after establishing as a condition for [their] combat that the defeated knight would be at the disposal of the victor.” What he was intending to require of him, explains Sanson Carrasco, “was [to make him] go back to his village and not leave it for a year, during which time he might be cured.” But fortune, continues Sanson Carrasco, “managed things differently, because he knocked [him] off [his] horse and defeated [him], so [his] plan failed.” Thus, Sanson Carrasco goes home, “defeated, humiliated and battered by [his] fall.” But that “doesn’t make [him] any less determined to come back in search of [Don Quixote] and defeat him, as [he’s] seen today.” Sanson Carrasco then explains that since Don Quixote “is so meticulous about observing all the ordinances of knight-errantry, there’s no doubt at all that he’ll keep his word and do what [Sanson Carrasco has] told him to do.” This, Sanson Carrasco continues, “is how the matter stands, and [he has] nothing more to tell [the Viceroy of Catalonia].” Thus, Sanson Carrasco entreats the Viceroy of Catalonia to “not tell Don Quixote who [he is], so that [his] good intentions can take effect.”



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Originally posted 2020-01-07 13:38:58.